Category Archives: 21st Century Skills

The Non Negotiables

Late last year I read with interest a post by Dorothy Burt titled eTools – As Basic as Breathing. This post described the the expectations of what new teachers at Pt England need to know:

But to function effortlessly in the 2010 environment we WILL presume the following:
All our teachers are able to:

  1. check an email account daily and manage it efficiently
  2. use a computer or laptop and trouble shoot basic functions ie on/off, connect to printer, connection to internet
  3. use the internet to search, find information and to communicate
  4. particpate in online environments eg blogs or forums or Nings or Trademe or Facebook etc
  5. manage music files in software eg in iTunes
  6. manage photo files using software
  7. download photos from a camera
  8. use a word processing document efficiently
  9. store and retrieve data from a hard drive eg your computer
  10. access Google Docs
  11. edit a short video clip using simple software

Dorothy continues on with of a list of skills teachers would need to learn, with support, as quickly as possible. Included here are such things as using presentation software, administering a blog, using Google Apps… the list continues.

I would encourage you to read this post and apply it to your own situation in your school. What would your non negotiable elearning requirements be?

Soon after reading Dorothy’s post I read this one from Kim Cofino titled Making the Implicit Explicit. Kim (who is soon to begin a new position at Yokohama International School where I coincidentally used to work), describes skills that are often taken for granted but are incredibly important, yet as she mentions often unidentifiable:

knowing to hold your mouse over an icon or a link to see what it does.
understanding that the menus for any program are at the top of the screen, that they are usually very similar, and generally what you find within them (for example: “view” usually means how you see things on the screen and that menu is found in almost every program).
recognizing when something is lit up (or underlined) on a website, you can click on it.
knowing that the cursor changes when held over different parts of the screen and what that means (the little arrow turning into a hand over a weblink for example, or being able to stretch out a picture when it turns into the double-sided arrow).
using tab to move from cell to cell or box to box on forms or websites.
being able to recognize drop-down menus – and that they hold additional features.
understanding that right clicking on things brings up more options.

We don’t need a list of skills for each application, or checklist that ensures we have taught how to change the font in Word or add a transition in Powerpoint. What we need to be doing is to reinforce these elearning operational concepts. In other words, arm teachers and students with a transferable skill set that enables them to better navigate their way online and in applications to solve problems and perform tasks independently. I still have conversations with teachers who want checklist of what skills students should know at the end of a particular school year. I have always been opposed to a prescribed list of skills that end up dictating what is taught to students rather than the learning driving the use of the technology. I remember buying a computing skills checklist back in early 2000, developed by another school in NZ. I came across it just the other day, unused, but such an interesting read!

Jill Hammonds, one of my colleagues at CORE, often discusses the need to do aware with a lot of the how-to workshops that are often prevalent in ICT professional development. These instead are replaced with 2 or 3 sessions that teach the operational concepts/skills required in order for teachers and students to successfully explore, problem solve and teach themselves. It makes sense really and as Kim mentions in her initial list, menus in screens are very similar in all common software packages.

Having an hour long PD session on learning how to use an application or online tool is an overkill. I would be the first to admit that I have done this myself many times. Instead, giving taster sessions to teachers on various etools, showing them what can be possible, combined with the focused teaching of computer operational concepts and skills that are transferable across applications and platforms, is time better spent. Quality time can then be spent on the pedagogy required to integrate these tools effectively into teaching and learning.

For all those little tricky bits and time saving short cuts in applications, nothing beats the the notion of just-in-time learning and ongoing networking of ideas between the staff and in their PLNs.

The follwoing flowchart cartoon, embedded into Kim’s post, reinforces this notion beautifully.

Thanks Dorothy and Kim for both of your respective posts. The combination of the two will initiate many good discussion amongst the principals and facilitators I work with.

Checklist photo courtesy squeaky482 on flickr.

#KimCofino #professionaldevelopment #professionallearning #DorothyBurt #skills

Forget the 4R’s…

© 2010, J, McKenzie, all rights reserved.

Now we have the 13 I’s for the 21st Century competencies in the latest from Jamie McKenzie in the January edition of FNO.

Reading, wRiting, aRithmetic & Reasoning

“It [the 4Rs] was a user friendly way to focus on the basics. With all the talk now of 21st Century Skills, we need a model that is equally user friendly – just the right number of prime thinking competencies to fit on a handy bookmark or poster to remind all teachers and students about core values. My bookmark offers thirteen competencies, all beginning with the letter “I” – a Baker’s Dozen”

Jamie Mackenzie has published many articles in educational technology. If you do not already subscribe to FNO, maybe you should consider it.

Bookmark and quote © 2010, J. McKenzie 2010, all rights reserved. Schools may make copies of bookmark for use with students at no cost. Any other group must write for permission.

#21stcentury #competencies #FNO #JamieMcKenzie